Research and Publications

New encyclopedia entry on low carbon transport and cycling, by Weichang Kong and Dorina Pojani

So far, only a handful of larger Northern European and East Asian cities have managed to achieve high proportions of cycling for transport. Also, in a few smaller university towns or working-class enclaves, cycling is normalized as part of the everyday culture. The cycling policies and programs which have been learned from these places are reviewed below. The review is structured in accordance with an existing conceptual framework, which considers three types of strategies: “hardware” (concrete infrastructure and vehicles), “software” (policies such as education and communication), and “orgware” (institutional settings). Read the full entry in The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Futures: