Public space in the current era of globalization is considered to have degraded the values of publicness. The importance of the market has shifted the function of public space previously synonymous with social and political activities into activities that are more valuable recreative and consumptive. The role of government in managing public space began to be replaced by the private sector through its privatization program. Consequently, control in public spaces is increasing to ensure the safety of investing. On the other hand, the increasingly heterogeneous community of cities in the world as a result of population migration and inter-state investment also contributes to the potential for conflict. Finally, all the spaces where people from diverse backgrounds gathered together became the focus of supervision and control of the security apparatus.
However, all the above analysis is the result of expert research on the transformation of public spaces that exist in developed countries. While it is believed that the publicness values of a public space are never homogeneous, different from one place to another. Therefore, it is necessary to do research that can identify different perspectives on the phenomenon of privatization of public space. One of them is to examine the privatization of public space in countries in Southeast Asia. An area that has known and experienced globalization and has the heterogeneity of the population since centuries ago.